Educator

Author

Professional Speaker

41 Standish Way

West Yarmouth, MA 02673

bbbjim@mac.com

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603-315-8028

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1. Personal Challenge: Party Observations

 

Goal

To raise awareness of the behaviors of college students at a party where alcohol is being consumed.

 

Instructions

  • Attend a campus or off-campus party where alcohol will be served.

  • Do not consume alcohol.

  • Observe the behaviors of the participants. What are they like early in the party? What are they like later in the party? Do people try to get you to drink?

  • Observe your own behaviors while at the party.

 

Reflections

  • How did you feel at the party?

  • Can you have fun at a party without drinking?

  • How do you handle pressure from your peers to drink? What can you do to minimize the impact of peer pressure?

  • How well do you socialize with others at a party if you do not drink?

  • What was the impact of alcohol on the atmosphere of the party? On you?

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2. Personal Challenge: Estimating BAC or BAL

 

Goal

To learn how to estimate Blood Alcohol Content (Blood Alcohol Concentration or Blood Alcohol Level).

 

Instructions

Estimate BAC or BAL utilizing the calculator below:

  • Insert Gender, Weight, Height, Age

  • Choose a drink

  • Choose how long you will take to drink it

  • Click on "Drink"

  • Continue as indicated in exercises

 

Also available for your smart phone:

 

Exercise 1: John weighs 200 pounds and is 22 years old. He is out at a party and has been drinking shots and beers. He had five shots (1 ounce of 100-proof whiskey) and a twelve-ounce bottle of beer after each shot. He has been drinking at the party for three hours. The host suggests he quit drinking alcohol and gives him some coffee to sober him up. After drinking coffee for the next hour, what is his estimated BAL?

 

Exercise 2: As part of an organization’s initiation ritual, Cindy, who weighs 120 pounds, is forced to drink screwdrivers containing double shots (1.5 ounce of 80-proof vodka per single shot). She has had seven of these screwdrivers in two hours. Connie has become delirious and her friends place her in a cold shower to sober her up. What is Cindy’s estimated BAL after two hours?

 

Exercise 3: Ralph brings a six-pack of average beer with him for a visit with his friends. They are watching a football game on television which lasts three hours. He finished his six-pack while watching the game. After leaving his friend’s house, he is immediately stopped by the police. He is 20 years old and weighs 180 pounds. Will he get a DUI ticket? If he were 21 years old and weighed 200 pounds, would he get a DUI ticket?

 

Exercise 4: Imagine it is one o’clock in the morning and you have had enough alcohol to bring you to a BAL of .22. You decide to stop drinking and go to sleep due to an important nine o’clock class. What would your estimated BAL be when you entered the class at nine o’clock in the morning?

 

Answers

 

Exercise 1

10 Drinks (Male) - 200 Pound = .13 BAL after 4 Hours and 10 Drinks

 

Giving coffee to someone who has been drinking will not sober up the drinker. All it will do is wake up the drinker. This could be dangerous because it could possibly cause the drinker to feel that s/he is okay to drive since s/he is more awake. However, the coffee does nothing to reduce the impairment level of the drinker!

 

Exercise 2

14 Drinks (Female) - 120 Pound Female = .50 BAL after 2 Hours and 14 Drinks

 

She is probably dead. By the way, just like the coffee, a cold shower will simply wake up the drinker, not sober her/him up. It could also cause the drinker to suffer a heart attack.

 

Exercise 3

6 Drinks (Male) - 180 Pound Male = .13 - .085 BAL after 3 Hours and 6 Drinks

6 Drinks (Male) - 200 Pound Male = .11 - .065 BAL after 3x Hours and 6 Drinks

 

In order to correctly answer the question regarding the DUI ticket, you must know your own state’s current regulations. What is the minimum BAL at a given age that will result in a DUI ticket in your state? What are the consequences for someone underage caught drinking and driving at any BAL?

 

Exercise 4

.22 - .12 (.015 x 8 hours= 0.12) = .10 BAL after 8 Hours

 

If you drove to the campus, you could have gotten a DUI ticket from the police. Sleep simply provides rest for the drinker. It does not sober up a person.

 

 

 

 

 

        Strongly                                                           Strongly 

#        Agree       Agree Not Sure       Disagree        Disagree

 

1.        1               2                  3                   4                  5

2.        1               2                  3                   4                  5

3.        1               2                  3                   4                  5

4.        5               4                  3                   2                  1

5.        5               4                  3                   2                  1

6.        5               4                  3                   2                  1

7.        5               4                  3                   2                  1

8.        1               2                  3                   4                  5

9.        5               4                  3                   2                  1

10.      5               4                  3                   2                  1

11.      1               2                  3                   4                  5

12.      1               2                  3                   4                  5

13.      5               4                  3                   2                  1

14.      5               4                  3                   2                  1

15.      5               4                  3                   2                  1

16.      1               2                  3                   4                  5

17.      1               2                  3                   4                  5

18.      5               4                  3                   2                  1

19.      1               2                  3                   4                  5

20.      1               2                  3                   4                  5

 

  • Circle your score for each question.

  • Add the point values.

  • Divide the total by 20.

 

Evaluation

  • The maximum score of five (5) indicates you believe using alcohol can be DETRIMENTAL to your social, emotional and physical well being.

  • The minimum score of one (1) indicates you believe using alcohol can ENHANCE your social, emotional and physical well being.

Reflections

After completing the survey, ask yourself the following questions:

  • How do you feel about the results of this survey?

  • Review your answers and score on each individual question. How do you feel about your scores on each of these attitudes?

  • What role does alcohol play in your life?

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4. Personal Challenge: Opportunities

Goal

To identify the opportunities available to you both academically and socially while on the college campus.

 

Instructions

  1. Picture yourself as a graduating senior. List your answers to the following questions:

  2. What would you like to have accomplished academically?

  3. In which organizations and activities would you like to have been involved?

  4. What do you want to experience personally and socially while in college?

  5. What do you need to do to prepare yourself for your career beyond college?

 

Reflecting on that image of yourself portrayed in the above lists, what goals can you set for yourself to accomplish in the next few months and the next year that will get you started toward what you hope to have accomplished as a graduating senior?

 

Reflections

  • Was it difficult or easy to picture yourself as a graduating senior? Why? Why not?

  • Was it difficult or easy to identify what you would like to have accomplished academically and socially as a graduating senior? Why? Why not?

  • What struck you the most about yourself as a graduating senior?

  • Are you likely to follow through on the goals you listed above? Why? Why not?

  • What impact could high-risk alcohol consumption have on your ability to attain your goals?

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3. Personal Challenge: Alcohol Attitudes

Goal

To assess your attitudes about alcohol.

 

Instructions

Circle the words that best describe your feelings about the following sentences.

(Electronic version currently under construction)

 

1. People enjoy being around me more when I’ve had a few drinks.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

2. I can have a few drinks without my driving being affected.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

3. Alcohol helps me get through stressful situations.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

4. Drinking changes my personality for the worse.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

5. Drinking regularly could result in my becoming addicted to alcohol.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

6. Drinking alcohol is bad for my health.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

7. I could have family problems if I drank every day.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

8. I have more fun at social events when I drink.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

9. Alcohol has been a negative influence on my life.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

10. My friendships would be damaged if I drank a lot.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

11. I feel more confident when I drink alcohol.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

12. Drinking alcohol is a good way for me to relax and loosen up.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

13. I would feel ashamed if I drank too much.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

14. I would have problems at school if I drank more than I do now.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

15. I would have lower grades if I drank more than I do now.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

16. Drinking is a good way to forget my problems.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

17. It is okay if I get drunk once in awhile.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

18. I feel that driving a car after having a few drinks is a stupid thing to do.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

19. I would feel more popular if I drank alcohol.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

 

20. Drinking alcohol is a normal part of the college experience.

Strongly Agree       Agree      Not Sure      Disagree     Strongly Disagree

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6. Personal Challenge: Alcohol Use Disorders

 

Goal

To assess the role alcohol may be playing in your life.

Think you may be experiencing an Alcohol Use Disorder?

 

CLICK HERE for  immediate screening.

 Instructions

Circle the word that best describes your answer to the following questions.

(Electronic version currently under construction.)

 

Within the past year:

1. Yes-No  Is alcohol consumed in larger amounts or over longer periods of time than was intended?

2. Yes-No  Has there been a persistent desire or unsuccessful effort to cut down or control alcohol use?

3. Yes-No  Has there been a great deal of time spent in activities necessary to obtain alcohol, use alcohol, or recover from its effects?

4. Yes-No  Have you experienced craving, or a strong desire or urge to use alcohol?

5. Yes-No  Has there been recurrent alcohol use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home?

6. Yes-No  Has alcohol use continued despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of alcohol?

7. Yes-No  Have important social, occupational, or recreational activities been abandoned or reduced because of alcohol use?

8. Yes-No  Has there been recurrent alcohol use in situations in which it is physically hazardous?

9. Yes-No  Has alcohol use continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem likely to have been caused or exacerbated by alcohol?

10. Yes-No  Has tolerance increased, as defined by either of the following:

a. A need for markedly increased amounts of alcohol to achieve intoxication or desired effect.

b. A markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of alcohol.

11. Yes-No  Have you experienced withdrawal, as manifested by either of the following:

a. The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for alcohol

b. Alcohol (or a closely related substance, such as a benzodiazepine) is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms. 

Evaluation

 

The presence of at least 2 of these symptoms indicates an Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). The severity of the AUD is defined as:

  • Mild:          The presence of 2 to 3 symptoms

  • Moderate:   The presence of 4 to 5 symptoms

  • Severe:       The presence of 6 or more symptoms

Reflections

After completing the survey, ask yourself the following questions:

  • How do you feel about the results of this survey?

  • What role does alcohol play in your life?

  • Is alcohol having a negative impact on your college career?

  • Do you know what campus resources are available to assist people with alcohol or other drug problems?​

7. Personal Challenge: Intervening

  • Do you know someone you believe has an alcohol or other drug problem?

  • Do you believe you should confront this person?

  • What reaction can you anticipate? How might you be able to deal with this reaction?

  • Are there any resources available to help educate you about the nature of your relationship with this person and his/her alcohol or other drug problem?

  • Is there anyone who can assist you in confronting this person about their alcohol or other drug problem?

  • What resources can you recommend to this person for assistance with his/her problem.

_________________________________________________

8. Personal Challenge: Family Health'

Goal

To examine the role alcohol may or may not have had on your family.

 

Instructions

For each of the following characteristics, circle TRUE or FALSE based on how well they describe your family.

(Electronic version is currently under construction.)

 

1.  All feelings are all right to express. True False

2.  All subjects are open to discussion. True False

3.  Individual differences are accepted. True False

4.  What you do is more important than who you are. True False

5.  Everyone must conform to the dominant person’s ideas. True False

6.  The atmosphere is generally tense. True False

7.  Each person is responsible for his/her actions. True False

8.  There are clear and flexible rules. True False

9.  People feel loved and loving. True False

10. There are lots of “shoulds.” True False

11. People feel tired and stressed. True False

12. Growth and change are discouraged. True False

For each matching answer, give yourself one point:

1.True     2.True     3.True     4.False     5.False     6.False     7.True     8.True     9.True     10.False     11.False     12.False

 

Evaluation

  • 10-12 Points = you are lucky to be part of a healthy and functional family

  • 4-9 Points = you have a family that tends to be functional but has some dysfunctional characteristics

  • 1-3 = you have a family that is dysfunctional and unhealthy.  Alcoholism, drug abuse, physical/sexual abuse may also be present. Professional help is seriously recommended.

 

Reflections

A healthy family environment provides for children’s needs in a way that promotes normal emotional, physical, and social development. High-risk alcohol use by family member(s) can have a negative impact on family health.

  • Is your family healthy/unhealthy, functional/dysfunctional? Why or why not?

  • What dysfunctional characteristics are present in your family? How do these affect YOUR personality? How might they be modified?

  • Children of dysfunctional families often become chemically dependent. Why do you think this happens?

  • What resources for students dealing with family problems are available on your campus? If you were having problems with your family, would you use these resources? Why or why not?

_________________________________________________

12. Personal Challenge: Drinking Choices

 

Goal

To raise awareness of the factors that may influence your drinking choices.

 

Instructions

Circle the answer that best reflects the degree to which the situation influences you to want to have a drink.

(Electronic version currently under construction.)

 

1. You were eating an enjoyable meal?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

2. You were watching television?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

3. You were visiting friends, some of whom were drinking?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

4. You had just completed a difficult task that had taken you a long time to finish?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

5. You were tense and anxious?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

6. You just had a big argument with someone in your family?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

7. You were relaxing after a busy day?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

8. You hadn’t had a drink in awhile and someone offered you one?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

9. You were waiting for a very important phone call that was 15 minutes late?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

10. You were at a party and someone offered you a drink?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

11. You were at a sporting or entertainment event?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

12. You felt as if you really needed a drink?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

13. You were with a friend who urged you to drink?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

14. You were meeting a few friends in a bar?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

15. You were alone and feeling depressed?

Definitely Yes  Probably Yes Maybe    Probably No Definitely No

 

16. You were celebrating a special occasion?

Definitely Yes  Probably Yes Maybe    Probably No Definitely No

 

17. You were doing paperwork such as studying, paying bills, or writing a letter?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

18. You wanted to feel more sophisticated and attractive?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No
 

19. You were bored?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No

 

20. Could you refrain from drinking regardless of the circumstances?

Definitely Yes     Probably Yes     Maybe     Probably No      Definitely No
 

Evaluation

Score your responses to each statement:

  • Definitely yes = 5

  • Probably yes = 4

  • Maybe = 3

  • Probably no = 2

  • Definitely no = 1

 

Add all your point values, then divide by 20.

  • The maximum score of five (5) indicates you are STRONGLY INFLUENCED to drink in a variety of situations.  

  • A score in the mid-range indicates that under some circumstances you MAY BE INFLUENCED to drink.  

  • A lower score around one (1) indicates that you are RARELY INFLUENCED to drink regardless of the situation.

  

Reflections

  1. What factors influence your drinking choices?

  2. For each of the statements you answered Yes, are there other ways to deal with the situation rather than drinking alcohol?